Frantz Fanon was born in 1925 on the Caribbean island of Martinique, then a French colony. He served in the French army during WW2, and after attended the University of Lyon in France, where he studied medicine and psychiatry. From 1953-56 he served as the head of psychiatry at Blida-Joinville Hospital in Algeria, which was then part of France. He joined the Algerian liberation movement in 1954 and in 1956 became an editor of its newspaper, El Moudjahid, published in Tunis.
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